Abraham Kuol Nyuon, Assistant Professor of International Politics, Peace and Security at the University of Juba. Republic of South Sudan.
The essence of the article was to explore the defense economy of the security sector in South Sudan by examining the
trends, dynamics and lesson learnt to gauge how ex-combatants should be made productive in the community. The study employed a thematic data analysis in the interpretation of the major concepts in the defense economy, which was based on an interpretative philosophy. The rationale of the study was to unearth strategies for empowering ex-combatant in the countries emerging from war as an avenue for successful security sector reform. The strategies highlighted herein could be vital in helping the policy makers in the sector sector on the best practices in reforming the army, police, national security and wildlife. The study has found out that there were no appropriate exit strategies employed by the security sector institutions in South Sudan to empower ex-combatant soldiers to resettle back into their communities. The paper identified some exit strategies essential for empowering ex-combatants’ soldiers and the process involved in making reinsertion and reintegration programs fruitful. As the way forward, the paper highlighted various principles to be applied when designing the program for empowering ex-combatants’ in the fragile state.
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